Testicular cancer is a sensitive subject.

Testicular cancer is not common but is most frequently found in men between the ages of 15 and 30.

It is easily diagnosed, highly treatable and is almost always curable.


“Young men should be taught to do self-examinations on a regular basis,” shared JRMC Urologist, Dr. Robert J. Bates. “This is key to early diagnosis of this type of cancer – which when diagnosed early, is almost always curable with a combination of surgery, radiation treatment and chemotherapy.”

History of an undescended testicle is a risk factor for the development of testicular cancer. The risk is four to five times higher among Caucasian men as opposed to men of African-American or Asian-American background.

If you or a loved one shows any of the following symptoms, they should contact a urologist.

  1. Lumps. Painless lumps in the testicle are one of the most common signs of this type of cancer. A lump in the testicle should be considered a tumor until proven otherwise.
  1. Weight. The sensation of heaviness in the testicle or sudden accumulation of fluid within the scrotum is a possible warning sign of cancer.
  1. Swelling. Testicular cancer can cause swelling of the testicles. Swelling is almost always painless if it is a tumor.

Unlike other forms of cancer, it is not diagnosed through a simple biopsy. Doing a biopsy of the testicle could cause it to spread to the local lymph nodes. If the physical exam ultrasound and blood tests suggest testicular cancer, then the treatment is to remove the entire testicle.

It can be treated with the use of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy – which in combination can be highly successful in treating the disease.

Painless lumps in the testicle demand immediate evaluation to rule out testicular cancer.

Change in shape or size? Did a lump appear? Are they painful to touch? Schedule with Dr. Bates direct: (701) 952-4878.


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