Low flow? Burning sensation? Frequent urination? These can be symptoms of prostate enlargement.


The prostate gland is a small structure about the sized of a walnut that produces a large portion of the semen. It is located below the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder. As a man ages, his prostate gland can increase in size and this can sometimes impact urination.

“Prostate enlargement commonly occurs as men age, and sometimes can cause urinary symptoms in men as young as age 55,” shared JRMC Urologist, Dr. Christopher Cost. “Prostate cancer is less likely to be the cause of urinary symptoms, but in general  is one of the more commonly diagnosed cancers in men. Thankfully the vast majority of prostate cancers aren’t extremely aggressive and treating a prostate cancer can often be curative.”

Although prostate cancer is relatively common, many prostate cancers don’t impact a man’s natural lifespan. A significant number of prostate cancers that are diagnosed do not need to be treated as they are slow growing.

PSA blood tests, when used appropriately on the right patients, can be useful in the early detection of prostate cancer. The decision to perform PSA screening is made after a thorough discussion of the goals, benefits and possible risks of PSA testing.

If you or a loved one has the following symptoms, it would be helpful to contact a urologist.

  1. Frequent urination. Having to get up at night several times to urinate or having a frequency of urination during the day with a slow stream or dribbling can be signs of prostate enlargement
  1. Low flow. A weak or interrupted stream when urinating can be caused by prostate enlargement.
  1. Blood in the urine or semen should always be evaluated by a urologist.
  1. Pain. New onset of hip, pelvic or back pain should not be ignored. Prostate cancer tends to spread to those areas, but is rarely the source of these types of pain.

Dr. Cost shared, “A family history of prostate cancer in a first-degree relative (brother or father), African-American race and obesity can increase a man’s risk of having prostate cancer.”

Concerned about prostate-related symptoms? Contact the JRMC Urology team and schedule directly: (701) 952-4878.

To learn more about men’s health, Dr. Cost, and urology, call (701) 952-4878.


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